A note to Presence of president Ahmadinejad in Arab conference in Qatar
After Islamic revolution in 1979, Iran and Arab states have never had a friendly relationship because:
1- The Iran-Iraq war resulted racial emotion of Arabs against Iran. During this 8 Year war Arabs supported Iraq in different ways.
2- In Iran there was no real will to improve relations with Arab sates. Specially with the idea of exporting Islamic revolution, Arabs got worried.
3- The policy of super power of USA was to create tension among Iran and Arabs in order to provide US benefits in the region.
Today the condition has changed to a point; firstly President Saddam has vanished and there is no war between Iran and any Arab state; secondly Iran has found out that it’s better to have closer relationship to Arabs instead of exporting revolution; thirdly Arabs have found out that there is no merit in hostility with their neighbor Iran.
Yet the tensions and plans of US exists and US president is not happy to see Iran and Arabs presidents in a friendly conference and will surely try to create new tensions,
In Iran there is no free media. Satellite is generally forbidden by law. And all TV channels are directed by the radical government of Ahmadinejad and three are no TV or even radio stations unless they are in the hand of radicals. Also many reformist popular websites are usually filtered or closed. What about newspapers?
Iranian reformists have several newspapers which gives them the ability to compete radical newspapers. Of course many of reformist’s newspapers are usually banned by radical judgment system. For example during last months two popular reformists newspaper of Shargh and Hammihan were closed by law sentence.
What remain are several very mild reformist newspapers which are not popular and capable enough to influence public opinions. They have to work very timidly not to give any pretext to radical judicial system to avoid being closed. Yet these newspapers are the only channels which contact reformists to the body of Iranian society. they have gained great achivements for Iranian reformists.
Iranian System of governing is different from any other country in the world. we can not call it absolutism because nearly all posts all decided in a (so called) democratic way and by voting different from Arab states. Also we can not call it democratic because there is no really free election in Iran.
In fact the world people are not familiar with Iranian system of governing. Even many of western politicians who are in position to deal with Iranian problems are not familiar enough to make right decision toward Iran and Iranians. They usually make mistakes because they don’t know Iran. For example they didn’t support reformist government of president Khatami and this resulted to radical government of president Ahmadinejad.
In this short writing I will give you some information on Iranian system of governing.
1- The leader is elected by the vote of Khobregan council parliament with about 80 members (all are clergymen) there is no limitation of time for leader. The members of this parliament are elected by direct vote of people.
2- The president is elected by direct vote of people of people for four years.
3- The parliament members are elected by Iranian voters for four years (about 300 members).
4- Guardian council with 12members are decided in this way: six clergymen chosen by the leader and six other jurists chosen by the head of judicial system who himself is chosen by the leader.
What is ambiguous?
Guardian council has the widest realm of power. They can decide which person is qualified or unqualified to be a candidate for Parliamentary election, Presidency election, Khobregan election. They can decide candidates for all elections. They have the responsibility to interpret constitution law.
Reformists in Iran are in the side of free election they are against this system of deciding candidates.
Iran has a large amount of oil and gas deposits. The developed world is highly dependent in Iranian oil and gas. But Iran has not used this merit to develop its economy for three reasons:
1- Iranian governments did not use it properly, reasonably and economically.
They habitually spent it to compensate their current expenses not economical projects and supporting private section of economy.
2- The 8 year war between Iran and Iraq is the second reason. During those years billions of dollars was spent to run the full sterling war.
3- US-based economical sanction is the third reason which highlighted Iranian dependence to oil instead of trade and industry.
These three reasons have made Iranian economy sick and weak. The advent of president Ahmadinejad made the situation worse. Because his arrogant view toward the outside world has created more tensions. Recently the UN Security Council has condemned Iran for two times. Also president ahmadinejad did not follow the economical scientific rules. Many Iranian economists protested his plans, but he didn’t consider their advices.
The only positive outlook is the extra high price of oil as the result of world economical condition which may save Iranian economy.